Vine tying is a necessary task for the growth of new vines and maintenance of vine structure at its ripeness. Although tying a bud or woody part of a vine may seem like a routine and simple task, many common mistakes are committed in vineyards, some of which can result in poor vine growth or production delays.
This Grower’s Guide provides a quick review of the basics of vine tying, common tying materials, and examples of proper and improper tying practices.
Adaptado de: virtualviticultureacademy.com
Incorrect vine tying problems
There are 2 frequent problems that occur when crews are tying vines.
- Using the wrong ties, which can cause banding and damage to the vine, or they can be ineffective in holding the trunk or twine in place.
- Using the correct ties in the wrong way, tying them too tightly or wrapping 2 times the ties, 3.which increases the risk of Banding.
When is it necessary to tie the vines?
At the time of staking newly planted vines, ties are needed to attach selected shoots to the peg for the trunk set.
Throughout the growing season
As needed to set new twines in one or both directions, or place buds.
When replanting vines
As needed, to stake a trunk extension for a partially trunked vine, or to replace a damaged trunk or twine (renovation).
Once vine growth stops in fall, additional tying for trunk and twine development must wait until after latency.
Which moorings to use
The best option
For young vines, the only material to use is flat tying tape. This tape is elastic and does not easily stick. It is available in different colors, which makes it easy to identify them in the vineyard.
How to tie vines correctly?
- Vine tying should be done by hand with vine tying tools on green buds for vine training.
- Ties should be loose enough to slide a pencil between the tie and the vine or bud.
- The ties should wrap around the bud or trunk 1 time only.
Good examples of vineyard Tying Twine
Flat tying tape can be used with a tape dispenser tool or tied by hand. This tape is preferred for tying sprouts to logs or twines (tied by hand or with a dispensing tool), or for tying to young woody twines (preferably tied by hand).
Flat tying tape is the best choice for loosely tying growing sprouts to form trunks or twines.
In addition, it can come in different colors. This is a tightly tied sprout, loose enough to prevent girdling and secure enough to form a straight trunk. Place a tie every 30cm or 35cm for best results.
Hand tying with vine banding tape should secure 3 to 4-year-old trunks before heavier elastic material is required.
Examples of grapevine tying: correct ties used incorrectly
The tape should not be tied too tightly to the sprouts or canes, as this may cause Banding and delay the development of the vine.
Example of tying too tightly around a trained sprout for a vine trunk.
Double tying may cause Banding.
Leaves should not be grouped in bonds.
Avoid hard plastic ties or plastic clamps, as they do not stretch and may cause the canes and vine trunk to remain ringed.
Hard plastic ties should never be used for vine training. They are not adjustable and will girdle trunks and twines.
Los lazos de alambre deben evitarse ya que pueden ceñir cordones o troncos.
Ties made of hard plastic “Ag-Lok” or stretch-resistant plastic will bind if not adjusted regularly and should be avoided.
Do not let your vines look like this!
Choose the right size tie to match the trunk.
Do not risk your vines and use only the products recommended by experts.
- Manual Vine Tape, 10cm wide, in yellow.
- Manual Vine Tape, 20cm wide, in yellow.
- Vine Tape for Tools, 10cm wide, in blue.